Aug 12, 2023

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Aug 12, 2023

Low Sperm Count

Low sperm count, also known as oligospermia, is a condition in which a man's semen contains fewer sperm than normal. The World Health Organization defines a low sperm count as having less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Oligospermia can be caused by a variety of factors, including hormonal imbalances, genetic disorders, infections, certain medications, and lifestyle choices such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. It can lead to difficulties in conceiving a child, but it is not always a barrier to pregnancy. Low sperm count treatment in India is available and options depend on the underlying cause and may include lifestyle changes, medication, or assisted reproductive technologies.

Signs Symptoms of low sperm count


  1. Problems with sexual function: Men with low sperm count may experience difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection, or may have decreased sexual desire.
  2. Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area: These symptoms may be indicative of an underlying condition such as a varicocele, which can affect sperm production.
  3. Abnormal semen analysis: A semen analysis is a test that measures the quantity and quality of sperm in a man's semen. If the results show a low sperm count or poor sperm motility, this may indicate a problem with fertility.
  4. Hormonal imbalances: Low sperm count can sometimes be caused by hormonal imbalances, which may result in symptoms such as decreased body hair or breast development.
  5. Changes in physical appearance: In some cases, low sperm count may be associated with physical abnormalities such as a small or undescended testicle.

It is important to note that many of these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, and the only way to determine whether a man has a low sperm count is through a semen analysis. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms or are having difficulty conceiving, it is important to speak with your male fertility doctor provider to determine the underlying cause and explore treatment options, including low sperm count treatment in India, if necessary.



Causes of low sperm count

  1. Varicocele: A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle. It is one of the most common causes of low sperm count, as it can affect the blood flow to the testicles and cause damage to the sperm-producing cells.
  2. Hormonal Imbalances: Hormonal imbalances, such as low testosterone levels, can also cause low sperm count. Testosterone is essential for sperm production, and low levels can result in reduced sperm production.
  3. Infections: Infections in the reproductive tract can damage sperm-producing cells and lead to a decrease in sperm count. Sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhoeic, are common causes of infections in the reproductive tract.
  4. Ejaculation Problems: Ejaculation problems, such as retrograde ejaculation, can also cause low sperm count. In retrograde ejaculation, the semen goes back into the bladder instead of coming out of the penis during ejaculation.
  5. Medications: Certain medications, such as chemotherapy drugs, can have a negative impact on sperm production and cause low sperm count.
  6. Environmental Toxins: Exposure to environmental toxins, such as pesticides and heavy metals, can also cause low sperm count. These toxins can damage sperm-producing cells and reduce sperm production.
  7. Lifestyle Factors: Certain lifestyle factors, such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and drug use, can also cause low sperm count. These factors can have a negative impact on sperm production and reduce the number of healthy sperm.
  8. Age: Age is also a factor in sperm count. As men age, the number of healthy sperm they produce can decrease, leading to low sperm count.
  9. Genetics: Genetic factors can also play a role in low sperm count. Certain genetic conditions, such as Klinefelter syndrome, can affect the development of the testicles and result in reduced sperm production.

It is important to talk to a male fertility doctor if you are concerned about your sperm count. They can help you determine the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatments.

Low sperm count treatment

  1. Lifestyle changes: Making certain lifestyle changes can help improve sperm count and quality. These may include quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, reducing stress, and maintaining a healthy weight. In addition, some dietary supplements, such as zinc, folic acid, and vitamin C, may be helpful in improving sperm count.
  2. Medication: In cases where hormonal imbalances are the cause of low sperm count, hormone therapy may be prescribed. This may include medications to stimulate the production of testosterone, which can help improve sperm production. Other medications, such as antibiotics, may be prescribed if an infection is causing the low sperm count.
  3. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART): If other treatment options are unsuccessful, ART may be recommended. This includes procedures such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilisation (IVF), which involve the collection and manipulation of sperm to increase the chances of conception. In some cases, surgical procedures such as varicocele repair may also be performed to improve sperm production.

Low sperm count treatment in India is available and can be customised according to the patient's individual needs. It is important to note that treatment options may take several months to show results, and success rates vary depending on the underlying cause of low sperm count. Therefore, it is important to work closely with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment for your individual situation.

Does masturbation cause low sperm count

Masturbation is a common sexual activity that many people engage in. There is a common belief that frequent masturbation can lead to a low sperm count, but this is not entirely true. While excessive masturbation can lead to temporary changes in sperm count, it is not a direct cause of low sperm count.

In fact, masturbation can be a healthy way for men to explore their sexuality and relieve sexual tension. It can also help maintain healthy prostate function and promote good mental health.

However, excessive masturbation can lead to a decrease in sperm count because it can cause the body to release more than the usual amount of sperm during ejaculation. This can lead to a temporary decrease in sperm count, but the body can typically replenish its sperm supply within a few days.

Furthermore, it is important to note that low sperm count can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic disorders, hormonal imbalances, infections, certain medications, and lifestyle choices such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Therefore, it is important to work closely with a healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause of low sperm count and explore appropriate treatment options, including low sperm count treatment in India, if necessary.

In conclusion, while excessive masturbation may temporarily decrease sperm count, it is not a direct cause of low sperm count. Masturbation is a healthy and normal part of human sexuality, and individuals should not be discouraged from engaging in it as long as it is done in moderation.

How to increase low sperm count -

  1. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: A healthy lifestyle is the cornerstone of good health, and this applies to sperm production as well. Avoid smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and illegal drugs. Get regular exercise, and maintain a healthy weight.
  2. Eat a Healthy Diet: Eating a healthy diet is also essential for good sperm production. Make sure your diet includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats. Avoid processed foods, sugar, and saturated fats.
  3. Take Supplements: There are some supplements that have been shown to improve sperm count and motility, such as vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc, and folate. Talk to your doctor about whether these supplements are right for you.
  4. Reduce Stress: Stress can have a negative impact on sperm production. Practice stress-reducing techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, and yoga.
  5. Avoid Hot Baths and Saunas: Excessive heat can damage sperm production. Avoid hot baths, saunas, and hot tubs.
  6. Wear Loose-Fitting Clothing: Tight underwear and pants can raise the temperature of the testicles, which can have a negative impact on sperm production. Wear loose-fitting clothing to keep the testicles cool.
  7. Avoid Exposure to Toxins: Exposure to toxins such as pesticides, chemicals, and radiation can have a negative impact on sperm production. Avoid exposure to these toxins as much as possible.
  8. Get Enough Sleep: Lack of sleep can have a negative impact on sperm production. Make sure you get enough sleep each night.
  9. Avoid Certain Medications: Certain medications can have a negative impact on sperm production. Talk to your doctor about whether any medications you are taking may be affecting your sperm count.
  10. Consider Fertility Treatments: If you have tried these lifestyle changes and your sperm count remains low, talk to your doctor about fertility treatments such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilisation (IVF).

Remember, it is important to talk to your doctor if you are concerned about your sperm count. They can help you determine the best course of action for your individual situation.