Types of injections used in IVF treatment-
According to Dr. Bindu Garg, one of the most recommended IVF specialists in Gurgaon, there are several types of injections used in IVF treatment, each serving a specific purpose in the process of stimulating the ovaries and preparing the body for pregnancy. These injections are typically administered subcutaneously (under the skin) or intramuscularly (into the muscle) using a small needle.
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists: These injections help to suppress the natural menstrual cycle and prevent ovulation before the IVF process begins. Examples of GnRH agonists include leuprolide, goserelin, and nafarelin.
- Gonadotropins: These injections contain follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), which help to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. Examples of gonadotropins include follitropin alfa, follitropin beta, and urofollitropin.
- Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG): This injection is used to trigger ovulation, which helps to ensure that the eggs are mature and ready to be retrieved. Examples of HCG injections include Ovidrel and Pregnyl.
- Progesterone: These injections help to prepare the uterus for implantation and support early pregnancy. Progesterone injections may be administered starting a few days before embryo transfer and continued through the first trimester of pregnancy.
- Antibiotics: These injections may be used to prevent infection during the IVF process. Examples of antibiotics include doxycycline and cefazolin.
How many injections are typically needed for IVF treatment?
The number of injections needed for IVF treatment can vary depending on several factors, such as the individual's age, medical history, and response to medication. However, on average, a typical IVF cycle can involve anywhere from 1-2 weeks of daily injections.
During the first week of IVF treatment, patients typically receive injections of a GnRH agonist or antagonist to suppress their natural menstrual cycle. Once this is achieved, patients will start taking injections of gonadotropins, which stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. The duration and dosage of gonadotropin injections may vary based on the individual's response to the medication, with some patients requiring more injections than others.
When the eggs are deemed mature, patients receive a trigger injection of hCG to trigger ovulation and prepare the eggs for retrieval. After the eggs are retrieved, patients may receive injections of progesterone to prepare the uterus for implantation and support early pregnancy.
It's important to note that while injections are a necessary part of IVF treatment, the specific number and type of injections used will vary based on individual patient needs and medical history.
Factors that can affect the number of injections needed-
- Age: Older patients may require higher doses of medication or longer periods of treatment to stimulate the ovaries and produce viable eggs.
- Medical history: Patients with certain medical conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), may require different dosages or types of medication to achieve optimal results.
- Number of follicles: The number of follicles that develop during the stimulation phase can also affect the number of injections needed. Patients with a higher number of follicles may require more medication to prevent premature ovulation and ensure optimal egg quality.
- Embryo transfer strategy: The number of embryos transferred during IVF can also impact the number of injections needed. Patients who opt for a single embryo transfer may require fewer injections than those who opt for multiple embryo transfers.
- Previous IVF experience: Patients who have undergone previous IVF cycles may require different dosages or types of medication, depending on their response to previous treatment.
Common side effects of IVF injections
IVF injections can cause several common side effects, including:
- Pain or discomfort at the injection site
- Mood swings
- Hot flashes
- Bruising or redness at the injection site
While these side effects are usually mild and temporary, they can be uncomfortable and disruptive to daily life.
Here are some tips for managing these side effects:
- Pain or discomfort at the injection site: Apply a warm compress or take over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
- Bloating: Drink plenty of water and avoid carbonated beverages. Eat small, frequent meals and avoid foods that are high in salt and sugar.
- Mood swings: Practise stress-reduction techniques such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises. Consider talking to a counsellor or therapist if you're feeling overwhelmed.
- Headaches: Get plenty of rest and stay hydrated. Avoid caffeine and alcohol.
- Nausea: Eat small, frequent meals and avoid foods that are high in fat or spice. Consider taking anti-nausea medication as prescribed by your doctor.
- Fatigue: Get plenty of rest and avoid overexerting yourself. Consider taking naps or breaks throughout the day.
- Hot flashes: Dress in layers and avoid exposure to hot environments. Consider taking hormone replacement therapy as prescribed by your doctor.
- Bruising or redness at the injection site: Apply a cold compress or ice pack to the area. Avoid rubbing or massaging the site.
In conclusion, IVF injections are an important part of the IVF treatment process and can help increase your chances of a successful pregnancy. While the number of injections needed can vary depending on several factors, including your age and fertility diagnosis, working closely with your fertility specialist and following their instructions can help ensure the best possible outcome.
If you're considering IVF treatment, Neelkanth Hospitals in Gurgaon can help. As one of the best IVF Centre in Gurgaon, our experienced team of fertility specialists can provide personalised treatment plans tailored to your unique needs. We offer a range of advanced fertility treatments, including IVF injections, to help you achieve your dream of having a baby. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards building your family.