A bulky uterus, also known as an enlarged uterus or adenomyosis, is a condition in which the uterus is larger than normal. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including fibroids, endometriosis, or hormonal imbalances.
In some cases, a bulky uterus may not cause any symptoms and may be detected only during a routine pelvic exam or ultrasound. However, in other cases, it can cause symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, painful periods, pelvic pain, and pressure or discomfort in the lower abdomen.
There are several causes of a bulky uterus. One of the most common is uterine fibroids, which are noncancerous growths that develop in the uterus. Other possible causes include endometriosis, a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus; adenomyosis, a condition in which the lining of the uterus grows into the muscle wall of the uterus; and hormonal imbalances, such as those that occur during perimenopause and menopause.